HORIZON

CHRISTIAN SCHOOL

Elementary School

Horizon Christian's elementary school provide the basic foundation for a solid academic education. Each elementary grade has daily classes in Bible, math, phonics/language, spelling, writing, as well as health, history, and science. First graders learn sentence structure and basic math, while second graders learn more in-depth skills. Fifth grade students are involved in their first heavily researched science projects in preparation for Horizon's Science Fair.

Horizon elementary students also take part in field trips that enhance learning arts and nature.

Teaching elementary subjects are geared for preparing students for the middle school years, spiritually, academically, and socially.

Kindergarten Overview
First Grade Overview
Second Grade Overview
Third Grade Overview
Fourth Grade Overview
Fifth Grade Overview
Sixth Grade Overview


Kindergarten Overview

Elementary class at HorizonClassroom Structure: Traditional single classroom schedule Monday through Friday.

Student/Teacher Ratio: Maximum 20:1

School Day:
8:00 am to 3:00 pm
Start: First Tuesday following Labor Day
End: Mid-June
Major Breaks: Thanksgiving, Christmas, Spring

Bible
The Horizon kindergarten class uses Purposeful Design curriculum developed and published through the ACSI Elementary Bible series. Students are introduced to the Bible-based truth that God is real and that He is a person who desires to have a friendship with them based on their relationship with His Son Jesus Christ. The Holy Spirit, our Helper and Ultimate Teacher is invited into our classroom to be a part of our experience with God. Numerous accounts of individuals who encounter the Most Important Person in the universe are taken from both the Old and New Testaments. God's promises and His unchanging and unfailing love are developed through simple lessons taught throughout the year.

Phonics and Emergent Reading Skills
Horizon kindergarteners begin their reading experience by using Harcourt's, Story Town, Language Arts curriculum. It is a literature rich program combined with a solid foundation in phonemic awareness, phonics, comprehension, vocabulary and fluency. This program begins with identifying the relationship between individual letters and their sounds. Next the emergent reader begins connecting the consonant-vowel blends while quickly adding simple consonant endings to produce decodable 3-letter words. By the Second Semester students begin decoding long vowel words and reading simple sentences. A key focus of the Kindergarten Reading Program is to provide an engaging literacy-based environment for the developing reader. This is accomplished through daily routines including a morning message, read aloud stories, pocket chart poems, literacy centers, and singing songs and other print rich opportunities.

Creative Writing
Many children entering the kindergarten class room come with some basic prewriting and some early writing skills. They also come with an untarnished desire to create by demonstrating what they know. Children are provided daily opportunities to practice and develop this vital skill through journal writing, creative writing exercises and activities utilizing Harcourt's, Story Town curriculum.

Handwriting
Horizon uses the Writing with Phonics curriculum developed by ABeka. This method introduces the Traditional Ball and Stick manuscript style also known as Zaner-Blosser. Initially students are introduced to letters and their corresponding sounds eventually writing simple letter-sound blends and finally moving to words and sentences. Each morning before handwriting is engaged students will practice reading and comprehending before completing their handwriting lesson.

Math
Kindergarteners learn beginning math concepts through enjoyable and engaging activities taught in our Harcourt Math Curriculum. They will move through 12 booklets paced approximately one chapter per month. Their year begins with Sorting and Classifying then continues with Patterns, Numbers 0-10, Geometry and Fractions, Numbers 10-30 and Number Patterns. By the end of their first year, students will explore concepts about Money and Time, Measurement, using Data, Graphing and Probability, and the basics of Addition and Subtraction.

Science
Our science program is based on the FOSS or Full Option Science System. We take advantage of learning science by doing science. The three FOSS units taught in kindergarten are Trees, Fabric, and Animals Two by Two. We take an exciting look at God's creation through perpetual observation of living and non-living things. In addition to our FOSS program, a variety of seasonal science activities are used to discover and explore God's purpose and plan for the weather, all creatures big and small, plants, our planet and its inhabitants and the ocean.

Social Studies
Our Social Studies program uses the Harcourt Kindergarten curriculum:  Our World. Now and Long Ago.  Six units taught throughout the year introduce the students to the value of being a good citizen, the story of America, what it means to be a worker and how that affects our lives.  Togethor we explore where we live and the places we visit.  Throughout each theme the concept of time (past, present and furture) is incorporated in creative and engaging ways.

Physical Education
Objectives for the student include but not limited to: development of cooperation, coordination, leadership and fair play skills, perseverance as well as enjoyment of physical activity through games and interaction with others.

Art
Students are exposed to design in the world around them. They are taught to be observers of the aesthetic elements of line, shape, texture, pattern, value and color. They will use a variety of mediums and methods as they learn to apply the elements. Bi-quarter work is done on fine motor skills development and a verbal base introduced and used in class to discuss their art, as well as the work of masters.

Music
This is the first stage of "First Steps in Music" where students use the four voices, singing, speaking, shouting and whispering, to differentiate their own sound and create music. Students are exposed to various genres and styles of music in an effort to expand their view upon music as an art form. Students use the four voices, singing, speaking, shouting and whispering to perform repeating songs, simple melodies, simple rhythms, and songs with movement. Students participate in two musical performances a year and occasional "mini" performances for parents and the community. All classes begin with worship and effort is taken to ensure students understand the importance of worship in musical form.

Biblical Worldview Integration
In addition to a daily Bible class and a weekly chapel, teachers integrate a Biblical Worldview into the curriculum and subjects they teach. The Biblical Worldview Integration (BWI) focuses on five areas: God, creation, mankind, moral order, and purpose.

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First Grade Overview

Classroom Structure: Traditional single classroom schedule Monday through Friday.

Student/Teacher Ratio: Maximum 20:1

School Day:
8:00 am to 3:00 pm
Start: First Tuesday following Labor Day
End: Mid-June
Major Breaks: Thanksgiving, Christmas, Spring

Bible
The theme for first grade is "God's Gifts to Me." We use the ACSI curriculum. The children study how God gives the gifts of the world, families, friends, leaders, salvation, the church, and a way to live to each of us. Students learn to pray for each other through a prayer request format.

Reading
Curriculum used is Story Town by Harcourt School Publishers. The foundation of reading is established by teaching skills and strategies that lead to early independence in decoding and comprehension. The primary objective is to equip students to read for themselves, to have a love for reading, and to be literate. Phonics instruction is emphasized as well as kinesthetic approaches to learning letter sounds and blends. Students are exposed to a variety of literature including fiction, non-fiction, and poetry, and participate in small "guided reading" groups.

Language Arts
Curriculum used is Story Town by Harcourt School Publishers.

  • Writing
    Students follow a weekly format of modeled writing, shared writing, and then independent writing.
    Lessons taught are: Labels, Sentences, Caption sentences, Sequence story, E-mail, Personal Narrative, Invitation, Research Report, Book Review, Story, Descriptions of a thing, place, and memory, and Descriptive and Rhyming Poems.
  • Speaking
    Students participate in a weekly show and tell.  Students share stories and pictures in front of the class during "Author's Chair."
  • Grammar
    Students follow a weekly format of introduction, group practice, and independent writing. 
    Lessons taught are: Sentences, Word Order, Naming Parts of Sentences, Exclamations, Nouns, One and More Than One, Special Names and Titles for People, Special Names of Places, Names of Days and Months, Names of Holidays, Using I and Me, Using He, She, It and They, Possessives, Homophones, Verbs, Using Am, Is and Are, Verbs That Tell About the Past, Using Was and Were, Go and Went, and Describing Words

Spelling
Curriculum used is Story Town by Harcourt School Publishers. Through daily lessons, challenge words, and other word forms, spelling focuses on high-frequency words that are used in daily writing. Sight word memorization is also included for reading fluency. Words studied correlate with words read in weekly stories.

Handwriting
Letter formation (alignment, size, shape, and spacing) is taught using weekly bible verses from A Reason for Handwriting curriculum.

Math
Curriculum used is Harcourt Math. Using hands-on activities, manipulatives, math games, and workbooks students are taught the following topics: Addition and Subtraction Facts to 20; Graphs, Numbers to 100, and Facts to 12; Geometry; Money, Time and Fractions; Measurement, Operations and Data.

Social Studies
Students learn about their world, culture, and current events by reading and discussing a monthly magazine, God's World News, Early Edition. There is an emphasis on learning about God and Christian character. Other topics are integrated into content areas when appropriate such as Presidents, Pilgrims, and Christmas.

Science
Curriculum used is FOSS, which stands for Full Option Science System. Students learn through experiments and hands on learning. A short textbook is also included for each topic. Units of study are: Pebbles, Balance and Motion, and New Plants.

Physical Education
Through stretching, games, and activities students learn how to control their bodies, develop strength and increase coordination.

Art
Students are exposed to design in the world around them. They are taught to be observers of the aesthetic elements of line, shape, texture, pattern, value and color. They will use a variety of mediums and methods as they learn to apply the elements. Bi-quarter work is done on fine motor skills development and a verbal base introduced and used in class to discuss their art, as well as the work of masters.

Music
During this second stage of "First Steps in Music," students learn how to recognize more complex melodies, respond to a sung melody line, and keep a steady pulse. Students use the four voices, singing, speaking, shouting and whispering, to differentiate their own sound and create music. They learn call and response songs, simple songs with movement, and learn to react to different styles of music. They explore the different instrument families and are able to hear, see and play different instruments from the four families: brass, woodwind, string and percussion. Students play simple rhythms and create compositions on percussion instruments and begin to critically listen to music as an art form. Students participate in two musical performances a year and occasional "mini" performances for parents and the community. All classes begin with worship and an effort is taken to ensure students understand the importance of worship in musical form.

Biblical Worldview Integration
In addition to a daily Bible class and a weekly chapel, teachers integrate a Biblical Worldview into the curriculum and subjects they teach. The Biblical Worldview Integration (BWI) focuses on five areas: God, creation, mankind, moral order, and purpose.

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Second Grade Overview

Classroom Structure: Traditional single classroom schedule Monday through Friday.

Student/Teacher Ratio: Maximum 20:1

School Day:
8:00 am to 3:00 pm
Start: First Tuesday following Labor Day
End: Mid-June
Major Breaks: Thanksgiving, Christmas, Spring

Bible
Students study the character traits demonstrated by individuals from the Old and New Testament. Students complete daily activities that accompany each lesson from their Bible workbook. Daily prayer is emphasized at the group and individual level, focusing on worship and requests. Purposeful Design Bible Series, studies on character traits of various people in the Bible with application to student's life.

Reading
Students develop skills and strategies that emphasize strong phonetics, fluency, accuracy, and comprehension through the Harcourt Reading curriculum.  Grammar, writing and learning robust vocabulary words are also emphasized.  Students meet in small groups regularly within their reading level to practice these skills and are regularly assessed for individual progress.

Language (grammar and writing)
Students develop knowledge of correct sentence structure, basic grammar skills, phonics skills, word rules (suffixes, homonyms, etc.), and beginning dictionary skills. Creative writing and writers' workshop are a regular part of practicing the concepts learned. Language is taught using a combination of short lecture, demonstration, and individual and group practice.

Spelling
Spelling focuses on mastery of many high-frequency words in the context of grouping according to phonetic patterns. Spelling is taught using weekly spelling lists with challenge words, a variety of writing activities, games, homework, and centers geared at mastering the words and applying spelling skills in practical ways (writing).

Handwriting
Students continue to develop correct letter formations with the A Reason for Handwriting Based on Scripture Verses by Transition. Handwriting is taught using demonstration, individual practice, individual assessment of correct and incorrect letter formation.

Math
Math focuses on the mastery of basic computations to 20, regrouping, numeration to 10,000, addition and subtraction facts through 10 and beginning multiplication and division.  Some other areas of instruction include measurements in temperature, length and weight; data in graphs and tables; money; time; geometrical figures and patterns and fractions.  Skills are taught using a combination of short lecture, demonstration, individual and group practice, and a variety of supplementary materials. The introduction of new concepts is regularly combined with continual review of previously learned concepts.

Social Studies
Students study community from TCI's Social Studies Alive! text to discover answers to questions like what is a community?  What is geography? How do people use the environment?  How can one person make a difference in a community?  What does a good citizen do? The course is taught using short lecture, discussion, reading, and activities (including field trips) related to the subject matter.

Science
Science is taught through the Foss Full Option Science System (FOSS), which springs from a philosophy of using an active-learning curriculum.  Teachers and students do science together engaging in enduring experiences that lead to a deeper understanding of God's creation.  Students will study the areas of insects, weather and solids and liquids.

Physical Education
Physical Education focuses on a variety of stretching exercises along with various activities to help develop their small and large motor skills. Balls, hoola hoops and relays are used to increase growth these areas.

Art
Students continue to apply fundamental elements of art (line, shape, color, texture, and pattern) as they create their own pieces using a variety of media (paint, clay, chalk, and pencil). They will share their works, critique and appreciate other's works, as well as practice techniques of master artists from history. Each student will keep a journal to document experiments, solve problems, and show progress throughout the school year. Art history is presented on a four year rotation, i.e. Pre-Christian (BC), Classical, Romantic, Modern..

Music
This is the third and final stage of "First Steps in Music" where students learn how to recognize steady beat, learn to apply steady beat, and learn even greater rhythm combinations. They begin singing songs in canon (round) form and apply them with percussion instruments. They explore the different instrument families and are able to hear, see and play different instruments from the four families: brass, woodwind, string and percussion. These students learn music theory aurally and visually and are introduced to the staff, specific rests and notes, and high and low pitch. Compositions are done through improvisation as well as within the group. Students participate in two musical performances a year and occasional "mini" performances for parents and the community. All classes begin with worship and an effort is taken to ensure students understand the importance of worship in musical form.

Biblical Worldview Integration
In addition to a daily Bible class and a weekly chapel, teachers integrate a Biblical Worldview into the curriculum and subjects they teach. The Biblical Worldview Integration (BWI) focuses on five areas: God, creation, mankind, moral order, and purpose.

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Third Grade Overview

Classroom Structure:Traditional single classroom schedule Monday through Friday.

Student/Teacher Ratio: Maximum 20:1

School Day:
8:00 am to 3:00 pm
Start: First Tuesday following Labor Day
End: Mid-June
Major Breaks: Thanksgiving, Christmas, Spring

Bible
Christ and His Church are taught from ACSI Bible Curriculum and NIV Study Bible. Students learn and gain a better understanding of Jesus and His time on Earth. The students also learn the importance of and how to spread the Gospel.  Students learn to share prayer requests and pray for each other.  They also memorize verses of scripture weekly

Reading
The focus in third grade is to take the concepts learned from K-2nd grades and build on:

Fluency
Accuracy
Reading Comprehension & Building Vocabulary

This is accomplished in small groups that are set up in four stations that your child rotates through. The reading groups are designed to best fit different reader abilities. As a whole class we work on the same skill. However, depending on the need of the reading group, leveling adjustments will be made so each reader is successful. After finishing a book, students are asked to complete activities and mini projects or reading responses. Most of this will take place in the classroom. The curriculum primarily used is Harcourt.

Language (grammar and writing)
Your child will be learning how to write complete sentences and the components that help create complete sentences (subjects/predicates). Parts of speech are explored: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, possessive nouns, and article. These concepts are used in creative writing and different forms of writing throughout the school year.

Spelling
Each week your child will be given a list of 15-20 spelling words that focus on a certain blend or sound. These words will correlate to what your child is reading and writing in class. There are opportunities for up to six challenging "Super Speller" words. Spelling tests are given on Fridays.

Handwriting
The cursive writing program is designed to teach students to write legibly, focusing on correct alignment, slant, size, shape, and spacing. Regular daily practice is done to bring about effective results using weekly Scriptures as content.

Math
Students will learn a variety of math concepts through the use of Harcourt Curriculum. Hands-on activities, rhymes, and songs are some approaches that are used. Areas covered are: Addition and Subtraction Concepts, Place Value and Number Sense, Compare-Order-Round Numbers, Multi-Digit Addition, Multi-Digit Subtraction, Money, Time, Reinforce Addition and Subtraction Concepts, Understanding Multiplication, Multiplication Facts Through 10, Multiplication Strategies, Multiplication Patterns, Understanding Division, Division Facts Through 10, Understanding Fractions, Whole Numbers and Half Numbers on a Line, Geometry, Multiply 2-Digits to 1-Digit Numbers (21x6), Add and Subtract Like Fractions, Fractions and Decimals, Decimals and Money, Probability, Multiply by 1-Digit Numbers and Divide by 1-Digit Numbers.

Social Studies
Students study from TCI. Topics and ideas covered are: My Community, Immigration, Diversity, Economy and Global Trade, Public Services and Local Government. 

Science
FOSS (Full Option Science System)
Students will learn about water, measurement and Structures of Life. They will study and explore using the Scientific Method: purpose, research, hypothesis, experiment, analysis, and conclusion. Students will be have hands-on experiences that allows them formulate questions and make discoveries.

Physical Education
Your child will be working on personal space and controlling his/her body through activities and games that improve and define large and small motor movements. PE is twice a week for 45 minutes.

Art
Students continue to apply fundamental elements of art (line, shape, color, texture, and pattern) as they create their own pieces using a variety of media (paint, clay, chalk, and pencil).  They will share their works, critique and appreciate other's works, as well as practice techniques of master artists from history.  Each student will keep a journal to document experiments, solve problems, and show progress throughout the school year. Art history is presented on a four year rotation:  Pre-Christian (BC), Classical, Romantic, and Modern.

Music
Third Grade students are given Orff Instrument training. This special training involves the playing of percussion instruments such as xylophones, other mallet percussion, and drums. The students learn an elevated level of music theory including the parts of the staff, specific notes and rests, as well as time signature. They spend time composing group pieces in class as well as notating music on their own. Students begin singing two-part harmony music and begin music appreciation by looking at different composers and critically listening to different styles of music. Students participate in two musical performances a year and occasional "mini" performances for parents and the community. All classes begin with worship and an effort is taken to ensure students understand the importance of worship in musical form.

Biblical Worldview Integration
In addition to a daily Bible class and a weekly chapel, teachers integrate a Biblical Worldview into the curriculum and subjects they teach. The Biblical Worldview Integration (BWI) focuses on five areas: God, creation, mankind, moral order, and purpose.

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Fourth Grade Overview

Classroom Structure: Traditional single classroom schedule Monday through Friday.

Student/Teacher Ratio: Maximum 20:1

School Day:
8:00 am to 3:00 pm
Start: First Tuesday following Labor Day
End: Mid-June
Major Breaks: Thanksgiving, Christmas, Spring

Bible
Students study God's word to know the truth, hope, healing, and the salvation Jesus Christ offers all people.  The emphasis of the Bible study time is on building a personal relationship with Jesus, and learning and applying God's word to the student's lives.

Reading
Reading is taught with both a literature based approach and a leveled reader system. Students will be required to complete a serious of activities that demonstrate their ability to comprehend the authors plot, purpose and perspective.  There is a strong focus on increasing vocabulary.  Students read grade-level texts to further develop rate, accuracy, and comprehension skills. Independent book selections are required for nightly reading and daily silent reading time.

Language (grammar and writing)
The Harcourt Writers Companion is used in weekly lessons to help students understand the elements and traits of effective writing.  Students are given many opportunities to incorporate those elements and traits into their own writing.  There is a strong focus on organizing, evaluating, and revising their work. 

Spelling
Spelling is taught using weekly spelling lists with challenge words.  Students complete a weekly homework packet.  Student spelling and vocabulary is challenged with a variety of writing activities.

Handwriting
Handwriting includes daily exercises requiring practice of proper formation of cursive letters. These skills attend to the disciplines of proper positioning, size, shape and spacing of handwriting form.

Math
Students will learn to recognize place value to millions; multiplication and division facts to 12, multiplication and division of three and four digit numbers, fraction terminology and relationship to decimals, introduction to basic geometry and algebra, and number theory.  Emphasis is placed on problem solving. 

Social Studies
Students learn US and World geography and complete a unit on map skills.  There is a strong focus on US government and how a democracy is run.  Students will learn about the 50 United States through a series of mini reports.  Economic concepts such as supply and demand, capitalism, and wants vs. needs are taught.  The economics unit culminates with the each fourth grade student writing and creating their own small business.  Students will do an in-depth study of the Industrial Revolution and ideas and inventions.  This unit is integrated with a Lego Engineering unit on designing, building, and analyzing simple machines.

Science
Students are taught using the FOSS Science Curriculum. The science units of study include Earth Materials, Physics of Sound, Ideas and Inventions, and the Human Body. The students are challenged and the curriculum uses a variety of laboratory experiments that encourage the students to take complicated topics from abstract to concrete. Learning to use Scientific method is a priority.

Physical Education
Physical education students continue to build on achieving mature form of more complex skills (dribbling, throwing). Students begin to engage in physical activities specifically related to each component of physical fitness (cardio-respiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition). Students become capable of monitoring their own activity and use performance feedback to increase their understanding of a skill as well as to improve performance. Students engage in healthy competition with sportsmanship as the ultimate goal.

Art
Students continue to develop their skills as designers and their knowledge of the use of various media, keeping journals to record their growth and thoughts. Students will participate in a public show and the annual Peace Poster Contest. Each student will keep a journal to document experiments, solve problems, and show progress.

Music
Class focuses on musical and performance skills. The major units taught are: singing in multiple parts, movement, praise and worship, rhythm recognition and creation, note values & recognition, reading music, playing the soprano and alto recorder, and performance etiquette. Recorders are introduced in fourth grade, allowing for an application of learned theory techniques and concepts. Students go through "Recorder Karate", an achievement-based recorder curriculum where students earn "belts" for their achievements in playing the recorder. Students compose their own recorder music. Students sing two-part music while learning to read a choral music score. Students participate in two musical performances a year and occasional "mini" performances for parents and the community. Most classes begin with worship and an effort is taken to ensure students understand the importance of worship in musical form and that they are to give that time, and the rest of the class time, to God.

Biblical Worldview Integration
In addition to a daily Bible class and a weekly chapel, teachers integrate a Biblical Worldview into the curriculum and subjects they teach. The Biblical Worldview Integration (BWI) focuses on five areas: God, creation, mankind, moral order, and purpose.

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Fifth Grade Overview

Classroom Structure: Traditional single classroom schedule Monday through Friday.

Student/Teacher Ratio: Maximum 20:1

School Day:
8:00 am to 3:00 pm
Start: First Tuesday following Labor Day
End: Mid-June
Major Breaks: Thanksgiving, Christmas, Spring

Bible
In fifth grade students study an overview of the Old Testament. ACSI Bible Curriculum focuses on the lives of various Old Testament Bible characters and the choices they made. Students are challenged to learn from the lives of Biblical characters and apply Godly decision making in their own day to day lives. Prayer is a vital part of daily Bible study. Students are also given a new verse to memorize each week.

Reading
Students read grade-level novels and texts to develop vocabulary, rate, accuracy, and comprehension skills. Daily reading skill mini-lessons are also implemented as part of their language arts centers. Examples of topics covered include context clues, sequence, reference materials, inference, author's purpose, genre, and elements of fiction.  Independent book selections are required for nightly reading and daily silent reading time.

Language (grammar and writing)
Utilizing the Harcourt English program, students develop a solid understanding of the English language usage, including identification of parts of speech, sentence structure, and paragraph formation. Using a writing workshop format, students will become familiar with poetry, narrative, expository, and persuasive writing modes. The students will also focus on specific writing traits such as organization, author's voice, ideas and content, sentence fluency, word choice, conventions, and presentation.

Spelling
Students learn to focus on spelling patterns, prefixes, suffixes, homophones, silent letters, unusual plurals, and Latin and Greek word parts using the Harcourt spelling curriculum. Students practice during class time and at home. Weekly spelling tests take place on Fridays.

Handwriting
Handwriting includes daily exercises requiring practice of proper formation of cursive letters. These skills attend to the disciplines of proper positioning, size, shape and spacing of handwriting form. Practice is completed using A Reason for Handwriting curriculum.

Math
Harcourt math curriculum is used in the presentation and practice of mathematical concepts. Lessons include place value, graphing, the adding and subtracting of decimals, beginning algebra, multiplication, division, factors, multiples, exponents, fraction concepts and operations, geometry, integers, measurement, ratio, percent, and probability.

Social Studies
Students study American history, beginning with the first inhabitants of North America.  Students learn about European explorers, how settlers first came to the Americas, and the impact of Native Americans on the success of settlements.  Students study early colonial life and the impact of slavery on the colonies, as well as the events leading up to the Declaration of
Independence, the American Revolution, and the Constitution.  The students continue moving through American history by studying Manifest Destiny, the Civil War, Industrialization, and the Modern United States

Science
Students focus on a scientific study of God's world including units on food and nutrition, landforms, levers and pulleys, and models and designs. Through the use of guided experimentation and a hands on approach, students develop an understanding of the scientific method of research.

Physical Education
Students participate in physical education twice a week throughout the school year. Units are taught covering soccer, distance running, basketball, and cooperative games. Students learn proper stretching form and strength training methods. Physical education goes beyond school during the month of April, when students take part in the statewide program Shape Up Across Oregon.

Art
Students continue to develop their skills as designers and their knowledge of the use of various media, keeping journals to record their growth and thoughts. Students will participate in a public show and the annual Peace Poster Contest. Each student will keep a journal to document experiments, solve problems, and show progress.

Music
Fifth Grade music includes an elevated level of music theory, music history, music awareness, and includes an integration of world music. Often, the music produced and composed by the students includes music from a specific region around the world, such as Africa, Latin America, or Europe. The music performed is often composed by the students after being given criteria for the music development and composition. Students are asked to develop their aural distinction of music through listening to different genres of music and reporting on what they heard. Students sing in two and sometimes three-part harmonies. Concerts provide students with opportunities to demonstrate learned skills and artistic development. Students participate in two musical performances a year and occasional "mini" performances for parents and the community. Most classes begin with worship and an effort is taken to ensure students understand the importance of worship in musical form.

Beginning Band (offered to all 5th grade students)
Beginning Band is a beginning instrumental program offered to fifth grade students. Students may select from a variety of instruments while the director ensures the band is balanced. Different types of woodwind, brass, and percussion instruments are encouraged. The band practices three days per week and performs several times throughout the year. Students learn to discipline themselves through practicing, musical endurance and worship. The class provides students with the opportunity to experience being part of a full band. Daily rehearsals and sectionals contribute to technical and artistic development, while consistently working through the band methods textbook.  School concerts provide the students with opportunities to perform. Daily practice at home required. Families are encouraged to purchase, rent or borrow an instrument for each student and information is given by the director at the beginning of each year on different options for instruments.

Biblical Worldview Integration
In addition to a daily Bible class and a weekly chapel, teachers integrate a Biblical Worldview into the curriculum and subjects they teach. The Biblical Worldview Integration (BWI) focuses on five areas: God, creation, mankind, moral order, and purpose.

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Sixth Grade Overview

Classroom Structure:Traditional single classroom schedule Monday through Friday.

Student/Teacher Ratio: Maximum 20:1

8:00 am to 3:00 pm
Start: First Tuesday following Labor Day
End: Mid-June
Major Breaks: Thanksgiving, Christmas, Spring

Bible
Using Bibles, maps, concordances, and other resources, students study the New Testament. Students reflect on the truth of God's word and discover how it applies in their lives. Each student is encouraged to pray, memorize scripture,  recognize the gifts that God has given them, see others the way God sees them, develop Godly character, and do something that makes a difference in the world around them.

Language Arts
Course is a combination of reading, writing, and language study.  Students are encouraged to read a variety of genres on their own in order to expand their world of reading.  Class book sets are used to teach students reading strategies, increase comprehension, and to learn about life from a Biblical perspective.  As part of the literature reading students write detailed explanations and complete book projects to show their understanding.  Students use informational texts (encyclopedias, web pages, newspapers, magazines, text books, etc.) for research on various topics. Writing a well thought out paper is one of the main goals of sixth grade.  Students write about their reading, as well as Math, Bible, Social Studies, and Science topics. Rigorous language study includes:  Vocabulary, Spelling, and Grammar.  Focused study on the English language helps students become more proficient at reading and writing.

Math
Reviewing basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of multiple digits, is a prerequisite to learning how to use these operations on decimals and fractions.   Students receive instruction on number theory which includes work with prime and composite numbers, factoring, greatest common factors, and least common multiples.  Students will learn to solve simple algebraic equations, work with geometric figures, and create graphs and charts.  Using a problem solving process, they will solve many problems include those with decimals, percents, ratios, and proportions.  They will learn to convert measurements, both Standard and Metric. Curriculum:  Harcourt Math.

Science
Throughout the course, the emphasis is on God as creator and sustainer of all things, and we are the stewards of those things.  Students study Mixtures & Solutions, and Variables.  With each of these units, students learn through hands-on investigations.  They plan, predict, observe, and record, and conclude.  Students are required to be thorough, precise, and take notes.  Curriculum:  FOSS and Diversity of Life Landforms. Students are also required to prepare and present a science project for the Spring Science Fair.

Social Studies
Course includes the study of cultures & geography, government, economics, and history. Students study the early inhabitants of the Columbia River Gorge, basic map skills, and the rights of United States citizens. This provides a foundation for further study of the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Israel, India, China, Greece, Rome, and the Mayas. Weekly homework requires students to read articles from newspapers and grade-appropriate magazines, and write summaries and opinions about the articles they read.

Physical Education
The goals of 6th grade Physical Education are to develop each students motor skills, increase understanding of movement concepts and strategies to improve performance of a variety of physical activities, give opportunity for regular physical activity in order to maintain and improve physical fitness, learn appropriate behavior in the physical activity setting, and help students to value physical activity.

Art
Students continue to develop their skills as designers and their knowledge of the use of various media, keeping journals to record their growth and thoughts. Students will participate in a public show and the annual Peace Poster Contest. Each student will keep a journal to document experiments, solve problems, and show progress.

Music
This course includes an elevated level of music theory, music history, music awareness, and includes an integration of world music. Often, the music produced and composed by the students includes music from a specific region around the world, such as Africa, Latin America, or Europe. The music performed is often composed by the students after being given criteria for the music development and composition. Students are asked to develop their aural distinction of music through listening to different genres of music and reporting on what they heard. Students sing in two and sometimes three-part harmonies. Concerts provide students with opportunities to demonstrate learned skills and artistic development. Rehearsals expose students to basic music notation, different styles of music worldwide, music history, form and content, music theory and terminology. Students learn the names and repertoire of famous composers as well as study different time periods in music. Students participate in two musical performances a year and occasional "mini" performances for parents and the community. Most classes begin with worship and an effort is taken to ensure students understand the importance of worship in musical form.

Intermediate Band (offered to all 6th grade students)
Intermediate Band is a continuation of the beginning band with more emphasis on reading basic notation at a higher level. More musical styles are introduced with more complex meters, dynamics and music terms. The band practices three days per week and performs several times throughout the year. Students learn to discipline themselves through practicing, musical endurance and worship, as well as an intermediate level of music theory, history and musicianship. Course provides students with the opportunity to further their understanding and experience of instrumental music within a concert band setting. Rehearsals and sectionals contribute to further technical and artistic development, while consistently working through the band methods textbook. School concerts provide the students with opportunities to perform. Daily practice at home is required. Students new to Horizon may audition for the band and will be expected to complete an accelerated independent study program. Families are encouraged to purchase, rent or borrow an instrument for each student and information is given by the director at the beginning of each year on different options for instruments. Prerequisite: Beginning band or director approval.

Biblical Worldview Integration
In addition to a daily Bible class and a weekly chapel, teachers integrate a Biblical Worldview into the curriculum and subjects they teach. The Biblical Worldview Integration (BWI) focuses on five areas: God, creation, mankind, moral order, and purpose.

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